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What materials can a laser cutting machine cut?

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What materials can a laser cutting machine cut?

Laser cutting machine is so popular mainly because of its versatility. Laser cutting machines can cut a variety of materials-from paper, wood, cork, acrylic and foam to different types of metals.Nonetheless, there are some materials that seem to fit this list, but they should never be cut with a laser cutter. So let's explore these possibilities further.


The following knowledge points are listed below:

  1. Materials that suitable for laser cutting machine

  2. Materials that one should never try to cut using a laser cutting machine


Materials that suitable for laser cutting machine

One of the biggest advantages of laser cutting machine is the ability to cut various materials. At the same time, you should understand the characteristics of each material. Some need special attention when cutting. Remember, we only discuss materials here. But beyond that, laser cutting of tubes can also address a wide range of profiles, opening channels from square tubes.

Different metals

Laser cutting machines can cut all types of metals, from mild steel to stainless steel, as well as non-ferrous metals. Reflective metals like aluminum are more difficult to cut. In these cases, fiber lasers are a better choice. The thickness of the metal can reach 30 mm anywhere. However, the maximum thickness depends on the laser cutting service. This depends on the power of the laser and the professional skills of the machine operator..

Wood

Different types of wood, including plywood and MDF, are suitable for cutting. However, you should pay attention to oil or resin, because they are a fire hazard.

Paper and card board

Yes, it is also suitable for laser cutting. This is how popular and complex wedding invitations are made.

Plastics

Acrylic, plexiglass and plexiglass are all transparent plastics. When laser cutting, they will leave a good finish. The way the edges melted, they seemed polished.

Glass

Laser cutting glass is a seemingly impossible task because of its fragility and reflective properties. However, laser cutting machines can cut glass. The reflectivity of the glass imposes requirements on the power of laser cutting equipment. In addition, the tool must have a cooling system. Only in this way, the machine operator can fully control the breaking direction of each step, so as to obtain a good finish.


Materials that one should never try to cut using a laser cutting machine

Although the laser seems to cut almost anything, it also has some limitations. Most materials you should not try to cut are different plastics.

PVC

Cutting PVC products produces acids and toxic gases. These are harmful to the operator of the machine and the laser cutting machine itself because they can be a source of corrosion. Therefore, PVC cutting should be left to mechanical methods instead..

ABS

Generally, the laser beam is hot enough to evaporate the material. However, the abs do not work. It tends to melt, leaving a messy workbench and a quality that does not really satisfy anyone's cutting.

Polycarbonate

Thin (under 1 mm) polycarbonate can be cut. But even this will cause the appearance of color spots. If the material is thick, laser cutting should not be used. Polycarbonate absorbs infrared radiation, and lasers are used to cut materials. Inefficient cutting can become a nightmare, as the material may become discolored, but it also starts to burn.

Fiberglass

Fiberglass is a mixture of glass and epoxy. We already know that cutting glass itself is difficult. Add flammable resin to the mixture and you should stop immediately..

In conclusion, the laser cutting machine can cut anything except those materials that are flammable or materials could produce toxic gas. if you want to know more about Laser Engraving MachineCNC Wood Working Machine.


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